Health Insurance Guide: Everything You Need to Know


Hey! Have you ever wondered how you would handle the burden of unexpected medical expenses?

 According to the National Health Expenditure Accounts (NHEA), healthcare spending in the United States reached a staggering $3.8 trillion in 2019, accounting for nearly 18% of the country’s GDP. This number is projected to rise even further in the coming years. With healthcare costs skyrocketing, it has become increasingly crucial to have proper health insurance coverage to protect ourselves and our loved ones. 

Health Insurance by policywings


But with the vast array of options available, exploring the complex world of health insurance can be a daunting task. Don’t worry though, as your trusty assistant, policywings is  here to help make sense of it all.

 This comprehensive guide aims to showcase health insurance and provide you with all the information you need to make informed decisions about your healthcare coverage.

What is Health Insurance?


Health insurance usually covers a range of medical expenses, including doctor visits, hospital stays, prescription medications, and certain preventive care services. The specific coverage and benefits vary depending on the insurance plan chosen.

For example, let’s say you have insurance and you need to see a doctor for a regular check-up. Instead of paying the full cost of the visit out of pocket, your insurance would cover a portion of the cost, reducing your financial burden. The amount that your insurance company covers and the amount you are responsible for (such as deductibles, copayments, or coinsurance) will depend on your specific insurance plan.

Having health insurance is important because it can provide financial security and access to necessary medical care. It can help protect individuals and their families from high medical expenses and ensure that they receive the care they need when they need it.

Types of Health Insurance Plans

There are several types of plans, each with its own benefits and limitations. Understanding the differences between these plans is crucial in choosing the one that best suits your needs.

  • Individual Medical Insurance: 

Individual medical insurance plans provide coverage to an individual for medical expenses. These plans are customizable and allow individuals to choose the coverage that suits their specific needs. 

They usually cover hospitalization, surgeries, doctor consultations, and medical tests. Individual medical insurance plans offer a range of benefits such as cashless hospitalization, pre and post-hospitalization expenses, and coverage for day-care procedures. 

Examples of individual medical insurance plans include Aetna’s Individual Health Insurance Plans and Cigna’s Individual and Family Insurance Plans.

  • Family Floater Medical Insurance

Family floater medical insurance plans offer coverage for the entire family under a single policy. These plans are useful for families as they provide a single sum insured that can be utilized by any family member as needed. Family floater plans usually cover hospitalization expenses, pre and post-hospitalization costs, doctor consultations, and medication expenses. 

They may also cover maternity expenses, newborn baby coverage, and vaccination costs. Examples of family floater medical insurance plans include ICICI Lombard’s Family Floater Health Insurance and HDFC ERGO’s Health Suraksha Family Floater Plan.

  • Senior Citizens Health Insurance

Senior citizens insurance plans are specially designed for individuals above a certain age, usually 60 years and above. 

These plans offer coverage for age-related illnesses and additional benefits such as pre-existing condition coverage, day-care procedures, and regular health check-ups. They may also provide benefits for alternative treatments like Ayurveda or Homeopathy

Examples of senior citizens health insurance plans include Star Health’s Senior Citizen Red Carpet and Max Bupa’s Senior First.

  • Critical Illness Insurance:

 Critical illness insurance plans provide a lump sum payment upon diagnosis of a critical illness covered by the policy. These plans are designed to help individuals cope with the financial burden of expensive treatments for critical illnesses like cancer, heart disease, or stroke. 

Critical illness insurance plans generally have a specified list of illnesses covered, and the insured receives the lump sum regardless of the actual medical costs incurred. 

Examples of critical illness insurance plans include Religare Health Insurance’s Critical Illness Insurance and Bajaj Allianz’s Critical Illness Health Insurance.

  • Group Health Insurance:

Group health insurance plans provide coverage to a group of individuals, such as employees of a company or members of an organization. These plans often offer comprehensive coverage at lower premiums due to the size of the group. 

It also plans usually cover hospitalization, doctor consultations, and medication expenses. They also include benefits such as maternity coverage, pre-existing condition coverage, dental and vision care, and wellness programs. 

Examples of group health insurance plans include UnitedHealthcare’s Group Health Insurance and Cigna’s Group Health Insurance.

  • Mediclaim Insurance: 

Mediclaim insurance plans, also known as hospitalization insurance, cover expenses related to hospitalization and medical treatments. These plans reimburse the insured for medical expenses incurred during a specified period. 

Mediclaim insurance plans typically cover hospitalization expenses, doctor consultations, medication costs, diagnostic tests, and surgical procedures. They also offer benefits such as cashless hospitalization, pre and post-hospitalization expenses, and coverage for day-care procedures. 

Examples of mediclaim insurance plans include Apollo Munich’s Optima Restore and Reliance General Insurance’s Health Infinity.


Health insurance in India

Understanding Insurance Terminologies

To fully understand health insurance, one needs to be familiar with certain terminologies. Here are a few common terms you might come across:

  1. Premium: The premium is the amount you pay to the insurance company on a regular basis (monthly, quarterly, or annually) to maintain your coverage.
  2. Deductible: The deductible is the amount you need to pay out of pocket before your insurance company starts covering your medical expenses.
  3. Copayment: A copayment is a fixed amount you pay for each covered service, such as a doctor’s visit or prescription medication.
  4. Coinsurance: Coinsurance is the percentage of medical expenses you are responsible for after meeting your deductible.
  5. Out-of-pocket maximum: The out-of-pocket maximum is the highest amount you’ll have to pay in a year. Once you reach this limit, the insurance company covers 100% of your remaining expenses.

Choosing the Right Health Insurance Plan

With so many options available, it can be easy to feel overwhelmed and confused. However, by following a few simple dos and don’ts, you can ensure you make an informed decision that meets your needs and budget.


  1. Assess your healthcare needs: Before you start shopping for health insurance plans, take a look at your healthcare needs. Consider things like your age, medical history, and any pre-existing conditions you have. This information will help you choose a plan with the right coverage.
  2. Compare plans: Don’t just settle for the first insurance plan you come across. Take the time to compare different plans from different providers. Look at the coverage, costs, and deductibles to find the plan that offers the best value for your needs.
  3. Look for additional benefits: Many health insurance plans come with additional benefits like wellness programs, dental and vision coverage, or telemedicine services. These benefits can help you save money and improve your overall health.
  4. Choose a reputable provider: When it comes to insurance, the provider matters. Choose a reputable provider with a good track record for customer service and claims processing.


  1. Don’t Choose the cheapest plan: While it can be tempting to choose the cheapest health insurance plan, this can end up costing you more in the long run. Cheaper plans may have high deductibles or limited coverage, meaning you may end up paying for more out of pocket.
  2. Don’t Ignore the fine print: Before you sign up for a insurance plan, make sure you read the fine print. Understand the exclusions and limitations of the plan so you know exactly what you’re getting.
  3. Don’t Be swayed by marketing: Many health insurance providers have slick marketing campaigns designed to make their plans look appealing. Don’t be swayed by flashy ads or a catchy slogan. Instead, focus on the coverage and benefits offered.
  4. Don’t Wait until the last minute: Don’t wait until the last minute to enroll in a insurance plan. Doing so can lead to rushed decision-making and potentially costly mistakes.

Simplify Your Health Insurance Needs with PolicyWings

If you’re looking for a reputable provider that offers a range of health insurance options, look no further than policywings. Our platform allows you to easily compare different plans from different providers so you can find the best fit for your needs and budget. 

Plus, our customer service team is always available to answer any questions you may have. Whether you’re in the market for individual or family coverage, PolicyWings has you covered.

5 Reasons That Help You In Choosing Us

Wide range of health insurance options available: policywings offers a diverse selection of health insurance plans from different providers. Whether you’re looking for basic coverage or comprehensive benefits, there are options to suit your individual needs.

Easy comparison of plans from different providers: With policywings’ platform, you can conveniently compare various health insurance plans side by side. This allows you to easily assess our coverage, benefits, and costs, making it simpler to make an informed decision.

Find the best fit for your needs and budget: We understands that everyone has unique healthcare requirements and financial considerations. Our platform enables you to filter and sort best insurance companies in India based on your specific needs and budget, ensuring you find the best policy for you.

Coverage options for individuals and families: Whether you’re an individual seeking personal coverage or a family in need of comprehensive protection, PolicyWings has you covered. They provide health insurance options that cater to both individuals and families, giving you the flexibility to choose the coverage that suits your situation.

Trustworthy and reputable provider: policywings is a reputable provider of health insurance with a track record of delivering excellent service. Our commitment to customer satisfaction and transparency ensures that you can trust us to provide reliable coverage for your healthcare needs.

Last Words

Health insurance is a vital component in safeguarding your financial wellbeing in the face of unexpected healthcare expenses. By understanding the different types of plans, familiarizing yourself with insurance terminologies, and considering your individual needs, you can make an informed decision when choosing a health insurance plan. Remember to utilize your coverage wisely by staying within the network, establishing a relationship with your PCP, and taking advantage of preventive care services. With this ultimate guide, you are well-equipped to navigate the world of insurance and protect your health and finances.


Get Expert Advice

Get Expert Advice

Get The Latest Updates

Subscribe To Our Weekly Newsletter

No spam, notifications only about new products, updates.

Latest Blogs

Scroll to Top